Summit of the Americas, 2023, Updates, May 28, 2022

 

 

Safeguarding Democracy in the Americas: How to Strengthen the Inter-American Democratic Charter

UCLA Burkle Center for International Relations

Wednesday, June 8, 2022

https://www.international.ucla.edu/burkle/event/15594

 

 

Ninth Summit of The Americas Hearing – May 26, 2022

United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

https://www.foreign.senate.gov/hearings/ninth-summit-of-the-americas052622

 

 

US-Caribbean Relations in Biden Administration Year One

FIU Kimberly Green Latin American and Caribbean Center

April 28, 2022 – webinar + paper by Ambassador Sir Ronald Sanders

https://lacc.fiu.edu/events/2022/us-caribbean-relations-in-biden-administration-year-one/

US-Caribbean Relations in Biden Administration Year 1 – Caribbean Policy Consortium

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Indo-Pacific Framework could work in Latin America, too | Miami Herald

https://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/news-columns-blogs/andres-oppenheimer/article261789402.html

 

 

The Biden Administration Placates Latin American Foes While Pummeling American Friends | The Heritage Foundation

https://www.heritage.org/americas/commentary/the-biden-administration-placates-latin-american-foes-while-pummeling-american

 

 

Beyond the Summit of the Americas: Resetting U.S. Policy in Latin America | United States Institute of Peace

https://www.usip.org/publications/2022/05/beyond-summit-americas-resetting-us-policy-latin-america

 

 

Biden administration races to salvage Summit of Americas in Los Angeles – Los Angeles Times

https://www.latimes.com/politics/story/2022-05-23/invitation-spat-threatens-to-derail-bidens-summit-of-americas

 

 

Biden’s attempt to save US influence in Latin America collides with mistrust | USA | EL PAÍS English Edition

https://english.elpais.com/usa/2022-05-24/bidens-attempt-to-save-us-influence-in-latin-america-collides-with-mistrust.html

 

 

Will Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela attend Summit of Americas? Mexico wants a say – CNN

It’s the United States’ party. But Mexico wants a say on the guest list

https://www.cnn.com/2022/05/23/americas/mexico-president-boycott-summit-of-americas-intl-latam/index.html

 

 

Joe Biden Has Botched the Summit of the Americas

https://jacobinmag.com/2022/05/ninth-summit-of-the-americas-attendance-amlo-biden-cuba-venezuela

 

 

Biden risks troubled Americas summit in Los Angeles | AP News

https://apnews.com/article/biden-asia-mexico-cuba-caribbean-862eee3f6eddb21b017234fcf4a30a6d

 

 

Who’s Coming to the Summit of the Americas? | AS/COA

https://www.as-coa.org/articles/whos-coming-summit-americas

 

 

Many nations say they won’t go to the Summit of the Americas unless all are invited : NPR

https://www.npr.org/2022/05/24/1101040250/many-nations-say-they-wont-go-to-the-summit-of-the-americas-unless-all-are-invit

 

 

Jorge Castañeda on AMLO and the resilience of dictatorships – Confidencial

 

 

U.S. adviser tries to talk Mexican president out of skipping Summit of the Americas | NPR & Houston Public Media

 

 

Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador says that he will not attend the Summit of the Americas

 

 

López Obrador’s flirtation with Russia risks worsening US-Mexican relations

 

 

US now turns to Cuba and Venezuela, possibly to salvage LA Summit — MercoPress

https://en.mercopress.com/2022/05/19/us-now-turns-to-cuba-and-venezuela-possibly-to-salvage-la-summit

 

 

US official: Biden mulls Cuba invitation for Americas summit – ABC News

https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/wireStory/us-official-biden-mulls-cuba-invitation-americas-summit-84861988

 

 

Biden officials consider inviting Cuban representative to Americas summit -source | Reuters

https://www.reuters.com/world/americas/cuba-hits-back-us-tensions-rise-over-summit-americas-2022-05-20/

 

 

U.S. accuses Cuba of using Americas summit controversy as propaganda ploy | Reuters

https://www.reuters.com/world/americas/us-accuses-cuba-using-americas-summit-controversy-propaganda-ploy-2022-05-19/

 

 

Do Biden policy moves on Cuba, Venezuela doom Democrats’ chances in Florida? – Sun Sentinel

https://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/politics/fl-ne-florida-politcal-fallout-biden-cuba-venezuela-20220522-2cbls5fpevhunc7pzgnxsljow4-story.html

 

 

Cuban president says he won’t attend Summit of the Americas | The Hill

 

 

Brazil’s Bolsonaro to attend Americas Summit after doubts – The Washington Post

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/brazils-bolsonaro-to-attend-americas-summit-after-doubts/2022/05/25/b0a10b4c-dc8b-11ec-bc35-a91d0a94923b_story.html

 

Brazil’s Bolsonaro Plans to Attend Los Angeles Summit

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has decided to attend the Summit of the Americas being hosted by the United States in Los Angeles next month, and he plans to meet separately with U.S. President Joe Biden, the Associated Press reported, citing three unnamed cabinet ministers in the South American country. A bilateral meeting in Los Angeles would be a first for the U.S. and Brazilian leaders. Biden, a centrist, and Bolsonaro, a far-right former military captain often compared to former U.S. President Donald Trump, have been at odds over issues such as protection of the Amazon rainforest. Who will and won’t attend the summit, whether for lack of invitation or refusal to accept, has been a key concern for U.S. officials for years as the date of the meeting has been postponed due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The most notable possible no-show is now Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who has threatened to boycott if Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua are not included, although he has indicated he would send Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard in his stead. The United States has made some gestures in recent weeks to try to appease López Obrador, such as indicating that lower-level diplomats could attend instead of heads of state from those three countries, which the United States consider to be undemocratic. In an anticipated move, Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel said Wednesday on Twitter that “under no circumstances” will he attend the Summit, The Hill reported. Meanwhile, 13 of the 14 member nations of the Caribbean’s Caricom group are planning to join the event, according to a senior Caribbean nation official and a Washington-based Caribbean advisor who have been involved in talks about the issue, Reuters reported Wednesday.

 

 

Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

https://www.foreign.senate.gov/press/chair/release/as-the-us-prepares-to-host-summit-of-the-americas-bipartisan-group-of-senators-introduce-legislation-to-uphold-inter-american-democratic-charter

Florida Republican Marco Rubio wants Haiti discussion during Summit of the Americas | Miami Herald

https://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/world/americas/haiti/article261838915.html

Guatemala President Could Still Attend Americas Summit, Minister Says | World News | US News

https://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2022-05-26/guatemala-president-could-still-attend-americas-summit-minister-says

Biden is empowering the Maduro regime and enabling other countries to do the same

Biden’s concessions to Maduro place oil over people | McClatchy Washington Bureau

https://www.mcclatchydc.com/news/nation-world/world/latin-america/article261641062.html

Biden should hold Maduro’s feet to the fire on free elections | Miami Herald

https://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/news-columns-blogs/andres-oppenheimer/article261615087.html

Washington invites Dominican leader to Summit

St Vincent: PM urges CARICOM not to attend Summit of the Americas | Loop Caribbean News

https://caribbean.loopnews.com/content/st-vincent-pm-urges-caricom-not-attend-summit-americas

Suriname not in favor of boycotting Summit of the Americas – CNW Network

Guyana will attend Summit of the Americas to pursue its interests; will continue to lobby for Cuba – Demerara Waves Online News- Guyana

Guyana, other CARICOM states to attend Summit of the Americas as concerns being addressed – News Room Guyana

Caricom foreign ministers call for all-inclusive Summit of the Americas – Jamaica Observer

Most Caribbean nations planning to attend Americas Summit: sources | Reuters

https://www.reuters.com/world/americas/most-caribbean-nations-planning-attend-americas-summit-sources-2022-05-25/

 

Rubio wants Haiti, migration focus at Summit of the Americas | Miami Herald

https://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/world/americas/haiti/article261823405.html

 

 

TRANSCRIPT: Ranking Member Rubio Opening Remarks on 2022 Summit of the Americas – Press Releases – U.S. Senator for Florida, Marco Rubio

https://www.rubio.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/press-releases?id=ECF6498E-4BA8-4C27-BB9B-755BC9D11362

Ken Salazar espera que AMLO asista a la Cumbre de las Américas: ‘la esperanza es que vaya’ – El Financiero

https://www.elfinanciero.com.mx/nacional/2022/05/20/ken-salazar-espera-que-amlo-asista-a-la-cumbre-de-las-americas-la-esperanza-es-que-vaya/

Cumbre de las Américas: el debate sobre la democracia y los derechos humanos de cara a la cita continental – Infobae

https://www.infobae.com/def/2022/05/28/cumbre-de-las-americas-el-debate-sobre-la-democracia-y-los-derechos-humanos-de-cara-a-la-cita-continental/

Presidente del BID: ‘La seguridad alimentaria es lo que más nos preocupa, es la prioridad y es el peligro más grande que existe’ | El Financiero

https://www.elfinancierocr.com/finanzas/presidente-del-bid-la-seguridad-alimentaria-es-lo/5ROBMCDKEBHADEYTNIW756RERI/story/?utm_source=Email&utm_medium=newsletter&utm_campaign=Edici%C3%B3n+Vespertina+2022-05-28+17%3A38%3A09&utm_content=-2022-05-29-01

 

 

Buddies getting together not a Summit, LatAm leaders agree — MercoPress

https://en.mercopress.com/2022/05/28/buddies-getting-together-not-a-summit-latam-leaders-agree?utm_source=feed&utm_medium=rss&utm_content=main&utm_campaign=rss

 

 

Argentina organiza una reunión de la Celac en Los Angeles, en paralelo a la Cumbre de las Américas – Infobae

https://www.infobae.com/politica/2022/05/28/argentina-organiza-una-reunion-de-la-celac-en-los-angeles-en-paralelo-a-la-cumbre-de-las-americas/

 

 

Luis Arce se alinea a la ALBA y arremete contra EEUU

https://www.paginasiete.bo/nacional/luis-arce-se-alinea-a-la-alba-y-arremete-contra-eeuu-YY2670133

Daniel Ortega: ″No nos interesa″ ir a la Cumbre de las Américas | Las noticias y análisis más importantes en América Latina

DW | 19.05.2022

https://www.dw.com/es/daniel-ortega-no-nos-interesa-ir-a-la-cumbre-de-las-am%C3%A9ricas/a-61845566

Opositores de Nicaragua, Venezuela y Cuba cierran filas para que no los inviten a Cumbre de las Américas

https://100noticias.com.ni/politica/115500-opositores-participacion-cumbre-americas-dictadura/?mobile

  • Desde reunión CARICOM en Guyana nos dicen que 13 de los Primeros Ministros/Presidentes asistirán a la Cumbre de las Americas. Solo pendiente sin confirmar Ralph Gonsalves de San Vicente…

La Cumbre y sus convidados de piedra – Interamerican Institute for Democracy

https://intdemocratic.org/la-cumbre-y-sus-convidados-de-piedra/?lang=es

Chile pide una Cumbre de las Américas ‘sin exclusiones’

https://www.economist.com/the-americas/2022/05/19/latin-americas-divisions-over-defending-democracy

Latin America’s divisions over defending democracy

A summit of distant neighbours

May 19th 2022

 

When the United States hosted the first Summit of the Americas, in Miami in 1994, the occasion had a ring of celebrity. Democracy had spread across Latin America and with it economic liberalisation. At the request of the Latin Americans, the 33 countries present—all except Communist Cuba—agreed to work on a Free Trade Area of the Americas (ftaa). As Joe Biden prepares to host the ninth summit in Los Angeles next month, the picture looks very different. This time the get-together seems certain to highlight Latin America’s internal disagreements and its partial retreat from democracy and free trade.

 

To start with, it is not clear who will be there. Mr Biden’s team say that they intend to invite only countries with democratically elected leaders, which excludes the leftist dictatorships in Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela. Cuba, which was invited to the past two summits, held in Panama and Lima, is campaigning against its exclusion. In response, Bolivia and Honduras have said they will not attend. So has Mexico’s president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, though he added that his foreign minister would go. For different reasons, Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s right-wing leader, seems unlikely to attend. A fan of Donald Trump, he has not spoken to Mr Biden. Others, such as Argentina and Chile, say they want all countries to be present but that they will nevertheless turn up.

 

Since Brazil and Mexico are the second- and third-most-populous countries in the Americas, the absences of Mr Bolsonaro and Mr López Obrador would hurt. The latter especially, since Mr Biden’s team wants to forge a deal to manage migration at the summit. The post-covid surge in migrants at Mexico’s border with the United States is a nightmare for the White House. But migration is a headache for many Latin American countries, too: some 6m Venezuelans have left home, as have more than 100,000 Cubans in recent months. That is chiefly a result of their own governments’ economic mismanagement, but some Latin Americans blame American sanctions.

 

American diplomats are quietly countering the prospective boycotts. The English-speaking Caribbean, which has friendly ties to both Cuba and Venezuela, seems likely to reverse a previous decision to stay away. And Mr López Obrador, who received American envoys this week, may also change his mind. On May 16th the Biden administration announced that it would ease some of Mr Trump’s restrictions on remittances, travel and flights to Cuba. In March American officials held talks in Caracas with Nicolás Maduro, Venezuela’s ruler, in which they offered to soften sanctions if he agreed to a return to democracy. To ease talks between the government and the opposition, this week the administration allowed Chevron, an American oil firm, to renegotiate its operating licence in Venezuela.

 

In Los Angeles Mr Biden will say that “the region’s democratic self-determination is something we see as fundamental…regardless of countries’ ideological preferences,” according to an administration official. Yet some leftist governments in the region don’t see democracy as a dividing line. “We should focus on economic development and try to reach a new political understanding with the United States,” says a Mexican official.

 

In 2001, on the day of the terrorist attack on the World Trade Centre, foreign ministers from the Americas signed a charter pledging to defend democracy where it is under attack. Yet this kind of evangelising for democracy is a recent development. An older tradition is re-emerging, which invokes non-intervention in domestic affairs.

 

That is driven, in part, by what some see as the United States’ selective support for democracy. Its diminishing influence in Latin America, a function of China’s growing presence and its own political dysfunction, does not help. A dozen ambassadorial posts in the region are vacant, with some nominees blocked by Senate Republicans. Moreover Mr Trump’s grandstanding against Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela failed to weaken, let alone dislodge, their regimes. There are pragmatic reasons to think that talking works better than ostracism.

 

Staying away from the summit would not just fall into the same trap, and reveal the Latin American left’s double standards on democracy. It would also send the message that an economically stagnant region, which scotched the idea of the ftaa years ago, has nothing to discuss with what is still the world’s biggest market. That would be a declaration of parochialism and failure.

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